By Teachers, For Teachers
Arbor Day is an annual celebration of trees and their importance. Trees have appeared throughout history as a symbol of life. Today, classrooms across the nation celebrate Arbor Day by having students partake in a variety of activities that celebrate trees.
Arbor Day is an annual observance that celebrates planting and protecting trees. It was first observed in Nebraska in 1872. According to the Arbor Day Foundation, it was initially celebrated on April 22nd, which is Sterling Morton’s birthday – one of the first pioneers to plant trees and spread agricultural information and enthusiasm. Today, Arbor Day is celebrated on the last Friday in April.
Whether students are learning from home or in the classroom, students can celebrate Arbor Day by partaking in tree-related activities that cross over to all subjects. Here are a few ideas.
Students can learn about the history of Arbor Day by reading an interactive history book by the National Arbor Day Foundation. Epic! is an excellent site with thousands of books for students ages 5-12. It’s also free for schools to use. Students can use this amazing site to research how other countries and cultures celebrate this day. For example, they can learn that China celebrates on March 12th and remembers a leader named Dr. Sun Yat-sen, who believed planting more trees would make for a better environment for China. The United Kingdom celebrates in November and has a national tree week where people plant and care for trees all week long.
Another great way to celebrate Arbor Day is to take a nature walk. Older students can learn how to identify trees by using this tree identification finder, and younger students can use this tree identification worksheet. Then, students can choose one specific tree to study the ecosystem. They can also explore the structure, how it functions, as well as what benefits the tree provides for the environment.
Trees grow in height and width, and as they grow, you’ll see growth rings. Students can count the rings on a stump to help them figure out the age of the tree. This worksheet shows elementary students how to count the rings on a stump, while this worksheet tests students’ knowledge of how well they know the correct ages of a tree.
Students can also measure the height of a tree. All you need for this outdoor STEM activity is two people, a pencil, and a measuring tool like a meter stick or measuring tape.
Once students have learned about the history of trees as well as learned how to identify and measure them, now they can take that information and write about trees. They can create a poem or essay or even make up a song using the facts they’ve learned. Another idea is to write a description of a tree they identified on their walk to see if another student or family member at home can identify the tree by their description. Lastly, students can write a letter to their community leaders thanking and supporting them for their tree planting efforts.
When you were a child, you probably remember collecting leaves from the ground and taking them home to make leaf rubbings with a crayon and a piece of paper. A bark rubbing is very similar. Students peel off the paper of a crayon, then press a thin piece of paper against the bark of a tree and rub the crayon on the paper until the bark shows through. Once students have made a few different bark rubbings, they can compare them and discuss the patterns and try and figure out which type of tree they came from using the knowledge they gained from their science lesson on identifying trees.
Schools across the nation celebrate Arbor Day in a variety of different ways, with the most popular way being planting trees. Students can buy a tree seedling at their local nursery, then follow the guide from the Arbor Day Foundation on how to plant a tree.
Acknowledging Arbor Day is important because it brings awareness of the importance of trees and the environment. Encourage those around you to plant a tree or partake in an environmental-friendly celebration.
Janelle holds an M.S. in Education.