By Teachers, For Teachers
Unfortunately, bullying has always stood the test of time. It also has many faces. In today’s technological world, cyberbullying is now a new way to harass others, and it comes with a menu of new vocabulary terms. Words like phishing, impersonation, and flaming are all words used to describe the various aspects of bullying in today’s society. As teachers, it’s important to understand these terms and concepts so we can use anti-bullying tactics to help our students though these difficult situations. Here we’ll take a closer look at a few terms that are being used in reference in today’s schools for anti-bulling purposes.
Phishing is a term that essentially represents a cyber-attack. It’s a type of bullying that uses manipulation through email, text messages, or other online communication (social media, chat rooms, forums) to convince another student to expose personal (or financial) information about themselves of another person. Once the bully gets the information, they use that to harm, hurt, or even trick the victim. In “Phishing,” the bully hides her identity so the victim thinks he is talking to a trusted friend.
Impersonation is a serious form of online bullying where cyberbullies impersonate a specific target and make unwanted claims. This type of bullying usually occurs on social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. However, it can also occur through chat rooms, texting, emails, or online forums. Sometimes the bullies will even go as far as to create a website about a victim to ostracize them.
The term “Flaming” in reference to bullying means an intense argument that usually takes place in an online chat room or forum. However, it can also occur thought text messages or instant messages. Sometimes the bully will take a pic of a heated conversation with the victim and share it on their social media pages to embarrass or call out the other person. The bullies sometimes change or even leave out information from the argument and post it to make the other person look bad.
Social exclusion is the process by which the bully prevents the victim from being included. It not only means that the bully excludes the child from online groups or chats, but also from social situations like parties, events, sporting games, or other group outings. When speaking of online social exclusion, the bully will even go as far as sending harmful messages informing the child that they are being excluded. This form of bullying has been said to be the most dangerous because it often results in antisocial personalities and places the victim in extreme psychological distress.
Exposure is a form of bullying where the bully publicly harasses or demeans their victim. Usually it occurs with older high school students that expose sexual or graphic pictures or videos of the peer. Oftentimes, “Exposure” is when the bully sends the victim a graphic message or photo and threatens to release it to the world. Then it becomes even more damaging for the child when the bully does release the message or delicate image.
Harassment means unsolicited words or actions that are used to hurt another individual. It is usually regular and ongoing. Bullies like to harass their victim both online and in person. The bully usually uses harmful words and/or information to harass the individual daily.
Text bombing is when a bully sends large amounts of texts to the victim to annoy them. They will send a significant amount of harmful texts to overload their phone not allowing them to have a break or use it for anything else.
Trolling is a term used to describe a bully who posts mean and disgruntled messages online. Essentially they are people who like to provoke others with their words. You may have heard of an “Online troll” who will say horrible things about another person in the comment section of a social media page or online forum.
These are just a few of the many terms that are being used in reference to online bullying. You may hear some of your students refer to these terms, so it’s important that you not only know them but really understand their meaning.
What anti-bullying terms listed above did you already know? Are there any that we missed? Please leave your thoughts in the comment section below, we’d love to hear from you on this topic.
Janelle Cox is an education writer who uses her experience and knowledge to provide creative and original writing in the field of education. Janelle holds Masters of Science in Education from the State University of New York College at Buffalo. She is a contributing writer to TeachHUB.com, TeachHUB Magazine, and Hey Teach. She was also the Elementary Education Expert for About.com for five years. You can follow her on Twitter @empoweringed, on Facebook at Empowering K12 Educators, or contact her at Janellecox78@yahoo.com.