By Teachers, For Teachers
It's the dawn of 2014 -- a new era of increased understanding, patience, creativity ... and technology.
Really? Wasn't that last year's educational fulcrum? Why can't that geeky stuff leave teachers alone? Education worked fine with blackboards and chalk and desks all lined up in a row. Now, students sit in circles, yell out questions, stare at iPads, do state reports on something called Glogster.com. Smartscreens, 1:1 computing and iPads have turned classes upside down. What else can change?
A lot, actually. Here are six education trends you don't want to miss. Embrace these education trends and by next year, your students will be as excited to come to class as you are.
This is a little like the online math and science games, but bigger, longer, deeper and more fun, with a focus on critical thinking, problem solving, risk-taking, attention to detail and creativity (according to Education Arcade at MIT). Think less Mario and more Minecraft.
Today's games use the same elements that go into a good story -- a white-knuckle plot, characters we love and hate, setting that is as much a character as the hero and villain, and crises and chaos. In fact, many can be used to teach Common Core reading skills. Check out iCivics and Mission-US, where students are thrown into inquiry-based situations with nominal direction and challenged to figure out how to get from point A to B.
The result of game-playing: Students are engaged, committed, eager to take responsibility for their learning. Where “school” used to be considered work by students and adults alike, games are play. Consider these numbers from Gamification.org:
Where can you use games? Pretty much anywhere in your curriculum. The new educational games are designed for teaching subjects like science, history, math, literacy and more as well as concepts like problem solving, critical thinking, coherence, focus, argument vs. persuasion, uncovering knowledge, and more. Some of my favorite games (besides the two mentioned above) are Minecraft (geography, math, teamwork), SimCity (organization, cooperation), and Dimension M (math). Here's a list.
This is the buzz among students. Programming is perfect for teaching college and career skills students require prior, things like independence, strong content knowledge, a value for evidence, the ability to use technology strategically and capably. Most students feel that a classmate who can “program” must be smart, but in truth, programming draws on mental skills that every student possesses. There's nothing special except that the student uses them.
Programming can be used in all subjects--history, science, math, literature--by those as young as kindergarten, via tools like:
BotLogic – great for Kindergarten and youngers
Chrome Experiments – geeky experimentation with programming
Code Monster – older kids
Espresso - coding for youngers
Gamestar Mechanic – designing video games for middle schoolers, but a topic many students will want to take part in
Hopscotch – programming on the iPad
How to train your robot – a lesson plan from Dr. Techniko, for youngers
Kodable -- great for youngers
I like programming video -- great video for all students
Khan Academy Computer Science -- grade 3 and up
Lego Digital Designer – for youngers
Looking Glass — animated story for youngers
Robby Leonardi -- a game about programming in the style of Mario
Scratch -- 2nd grade and up
Tynker – for youngers
Where can you use programming? Once students know the fundamentals, programs they build can tie into most inquiry. For example, Scratch can be used to create multimedia to support history, literature, even science.
Education is no longer delivered by a teacher standing in front of the classroom, pontificating to students who may/may not be brave enough to ask questions. With backchannel devices like Today's Meet, Google Apps (using Forms) and my favorite, Twitter, students can post ideas, questions, and connections as you talk.
They can even answer each other's posts. Education becomes collaborative, cooperative, and relevant. A simple way is to have all students log into the class Twitter account on their 1:1 digital device. As you teach, they tweet their thoughts to a stream displayed on the Smartscreen. It's anonymous and instantaneous. It lets you know if students understand your ideas and if you need to go faster/slower.
What better evidence of learning than the student's own words?
“Crowdsourcing” is the concept of gathering input from the “crowd” -- in your case, students, a class, the school, or whatever group you are focusing on. It encourages everyone's participation in learning, teaching and events. Backchannels are a good way to accomplish this during class. Other methods are comments on blog posts, subject-specific forums, discussion boards, collaborative projects and Google Docs. Use it as a verb in teaching, as in “Let's crowdsource this topic.” It's harder for students to be disinterested or uninvolved if they are one of the stakeholders in the process and outcome.
Where can you use Crowdsourcing in your classroom? A great example is a website like MentorMob, where users make “playlists” of websites, articles, videos, and other resources already on the web and share these amalgamations with others.
The do-it-yourself (DIY) movement has been around for a while, but today, education is abuzz with the amazing consequences of encouraging students to create -- from start to finish. Called the “Maker Movement” or “Maker Mentality,” it's a familiar concept, newly adapted to the educational environ with phenomenal results. Students start with a kit on ... something. They build it and share with classmates. That's it. Depending upon your student group, you might use beginner kits from Instructables.com or leave it to the student to select, develop, plan, complete, track their project, share, and collaborate with classmates by assisting and critiquing as needed.
What do they learn from this? The fundamental Common Core skills required of college and career-ready students:
One of the most cutting-edge of all projects in a few lucky classrooms is 3D printing, where students use a program like Scratch to design their concept and then “print” it in 3D. There is nothing more exciting to a student than this. Not even XBox or Wii.
Where can you use the Maker Movement in your classroom? Use it as a long-range project to support life-long learning skills like how to uncover knowledge, reading deeply, add rigor with non-fiction. Or, have students create a project that supports specific inquiry like California Missions or architecture. The lesson will feel familiar to what you already do. What's different will be your focus on student independence and problem solving.
Google 80/20 rule
A current favorite in many classrooms is what's called “Genius Hour.” Students follow the standard classroom curriculum for 80% of class time. In the remaining 20%, they pursue their passion by working on a project they have chosen. This has famously been the inspiration behind many of Google's tools (in their Google Labs) and has spread to education as a way of encouraging creativity, problem solving, critical thinking, and risk-taking (as with the Maker Movement and gamifying education, these are traits highly valued under Common Core). The teacher provides a rough framework while students do most of the intellectual heavy lifting.
Where can you use Genius Hour in your classroom? As with the Maker Movement, use it as a long-range project to create life-long learners out of your students.
These six trends are raging through education. How can you use them to make your educational endeavors more productive?
Jacqui Murray has been teaching K-8 technology for 15 years. She is the editor of a K-8 technology curriculum, K-8 keyboard curriculum, K-8 Digital Citizenship curriculum, and creator of technology training books for how to integrate technology in education. She is webmaster for six blogs, CSG Master Teacher, an Amazon Vine Voice book reviewer, Editorial Review Board member for Journal for Computing Teachers, a columnist for Examiner.com, IMS tech expert, and a weekly contributor to TeachHUB. Currently, she’s editing a techno-thriller that should be out to publishers next summer.